Human population planning is the practice of intentionally managing the rate of growth of a human population. Historically, human population planning has been implemented with the goal of increasing the rate of human population growth.
However, in the period from the 1950s to the 1980s, Overpopulation – The Biggest Threat We Face ! Concerns about global population growth and its effects on poverty, environmental degradation and political stability led to efforts to reduce human population growth rates.
Following are the actions to curb population growth:
The first measure that comes to mind to reduce birth rates is to improve access to contraceptive methods and sterilization. The promotion of population control (partly supported by international organizations such as WHO) led to the spread of contraception in countries with high population growth after the agricultural revolution and the medical revolution.
Greater and better access to contraception
Reducing infant mortality so that parents do not need to have many children to ensure at least some survive to adulthood. Improving the status of women in order to facilitate a departure from traditional division of labour. One-Child and Two-Child policies, and other policies restricting or discouraging births directly.
Family planning, creating small family “role models”, tighter immigration restrictions are some of the important steps that should be taken by the Government to control the overpopulation on Earth.