Melasma is a dark discolouration that appears on sun-exposed areas of the face. It is often and most often associated with pregnancy and usually called Chloasma, the "mask of pregnancy". 90% of women are affected in many cases. Genes and hormonal changes play a role in obtaining Melasma.
This is a very common skin disorder, especially in women with brownish skin tones, pregnant women, women who take birth control pills (oral contraceptives) and women who use oral replacement therapy (HRT) during menopause. Individuals with a family history of melasma are more likely to have effected. If you are also suffering from this disease then you can get the best melasma treatment in Charlotte.
Exposure to sunlight greatly contributes to melasma. UV rays from the sun can inflame the melanocytes – the cells responsible for producing pigment in the skin. People with dark skin have more active melanocytes compared with light skin. Hormonal influences or changes also contribute to some individuals.
Melasma does not cause other symptoms besides skin discolouration usually in more specific areas of the face such as the forehead, nose, cheeks, and upper lip. Since Melasma is a very common skin condition; melasma diagnosis is only done with a skin examination. It is usually not related to or associated with disease or damage to internal organs.
Although there is no cure for Melasma, there are many treatments available. Sunscreen is very important in protecting against the harmful rays of the sun. Sunscreen and creams such as zinc oxide and titanium oxide can be used. In some cases, your dermatologist may recommend chemical peels or topical steroid creams depending on the severity of the case. In the most extreme cases Melasma, laser treatment can be used to remove dark pigments.